[[TitleIndustry]]

New energy car battery recycling

Date:Feb 28, 2019

The recycling of new energy vehicle batteries is almost in line with the new energy vehicles entering the public eye. An indisputable fact is that with the rapid development of China's new energy automobile industry, the use of power batteries is also rapidly accumulating.


The problem that must be taken seriously is that if the power battery is decommissioned, if it is not scientifically processed, it will not only waste metal resources, but also seriously threaten public safety and cause irreversible pollution to the ecological environment. Therefore, China is accelerating the establishment of a power battery recycling system, and has already formed a new energy vehicle power battery recycling industry.


According to the latest information released by the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology, the cumulative supporting capacity of power batteries in China exceeds 131GWh (GWW), and the industrial scale ranks first in the world. Among them, the new energy vehicles produced during the promotion period of the “Ten Cities and Thousands of Vehicles Project” produced a total of about 12,600 tons of decommissioned power batteries. Previously, in order to promote the development of new energy vehicles, the Ministry of Science and Technology, the Ministry of Finance and other ministries and commissions jointly launched the “Ten Cities and Thousands of Energy Saving and New Energy Vehicle Demonstration and Application Projects”. It is planned to develop 10 cities every year in about 3 years. Each city launched 1,000 new energy vehicles to carry out demonstration operations, and finally selected three batches of 25 pilot cities.


Some experts predict that China's decommissioned power storage batteries will be about 200,000 tons in 2020, and will reach 780,000 tons by 2025. It can be said that the power battery still faces great pressure. Today, the main decommissioned power storage batteries are mainly concentrated in the pilot cities of “Ten Thousands of Energy Saving and New Energy Vehicle Demonstration and Application Projects”.

In March 2018, the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology and the Ministry of Science and Technology and other seven departments jointly issued the "Implementation Plan for the Recycling of Power Battery for New Energy Vehicles", proposing to launch new energy vehicles in selected areas such as Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei, Yangtze River Delta, Pearl River Delta and Central Region. Pilot work on the recycling of power batteries, focusing on the pilot area and radiating to the surrounding areas.


In the industry's view, China's policy system for the healthy development of the new energy vehicle market is gradually improving, especially the recycling of power batteries is related to the formation of a closed loop of the new energy vehicle industry. The policy is first and the early layout will help the health of the new energy vehicle industry. Development, while avoiding the disintegration of related parts in the new energy vehicle market.


With the continuous growth of China's new energy vehicle market, the recycling of power batteries is destined to be a major problem that cannot be avoided. After all, for China's new energy vehicle market, which already dominates the world's new energy vehicle market, the early recycling of battery components will help the market to develop in the long run. Although the development of China's new energy vehicle market started late, due to the rapid development of policy promotion and market cultivation, China's new energy vehicle market has reached an important node that must start to start related post-market construction. After all, battery recycling is a new energy source. One of the key factors for the continued expansion of the automotive market in the future and sustainable long-term development.


Although it is currently affected by the short-term development of the new energy vehicle market, there is no chaos in the market for battery recycling, but the comparison with traditional internal combustion engine vehicles is enough to sound the alarm for the fast-growing new energy vehicles. In the traditional automobile market, China had the title of “the world's largest producer and seller” as early as 2009. Until today, the development of the traditional automobile market still maintained a relatively high growth rate. However, an unavoidable problem is that the problems arising from the auto parts itself are precisely because of the lack of relevant policies and systems, allowing the market to develop freely, which has led to problems such as underground dismantling of motor vehicles and resale of used parts. The resulting improper profit and the non-standard refurbished parts returning to the market have brought about a large safety production hazard.


It should be said that in the traditional automobile market, China's relevant policies lag behind a large number of disorderly dismantling and profit-making phenomenon, which is obviously not conducive to regulating the orderly development of the automobile aftermarket and even the automobile industry itself. On the other hand, in the case of new energy vehicles, policy makers apparently laid out the core components of new energy vehicles, the recycling and reuse of power batteries, in the light of the foresight. The purpose is to create problems in the new energy vehicle market. Predicted and resolved ahead of time.


In fact, as early as September 2015, the National Development and Reform Commission, the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology and the relevant departments organized the research and development of the "Electric Vehicle Power Battery Recycling Technology Policy (2015 Edition)" has been publicly solicited opinions, showing that the decision-making layer is aimed at the new energy automobile industry. The long-term development plan has long been in the chest.


In the opinion of the reporter, the existence of the chaos of traditional auto parts is driven by the interests, and the national level regulates the re-engineering of traditional cars, which obviously helps to control chaos. Different from traditional cars, the core component of new energy vehicles is the power battery, which itself is very easy to cause damage to the ecological environment. Therefore, the earlier the clear resolution of potential problems, the more conducive to the sustainable development of the industry. For the new energy automobile industry, since it has already become an established development direction, it should be as early as possible to solve the problem that the new energy vehicles themselves may hinder the progress of the industry, that is, the policy closure should be accelerated as soon as possible to form an industrial closed loop. Follow the "production-sale-use-reuse" benign track to seek standard and orderly development.

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