Is the health benefit and cost reduction of the healthcare system sufficient to demonstrate that subsidized charging infrastructure can drive society to switch from internal combustion engines to electric vehicles faster?
In the International Journal of Electric and Hybrid Electric Vehicles, MitchellHouse and David Wright of the University of Ottawa, Canada, suggest that the ideal use of sustainable electricity can significantly reduce heart and lungs due to air pollution, from the burning of fossil fuel-contaminated vehicles to the migration of electric vehicles. The incidence of the disease. This will not only reduce the number of employees absent from work, but also show a significant increase in human quality and longevity.
The team's paper will use empirical data to build the financial cost of an electric vehicle's charging infrastructure compared to the health cost to determine if there is a net benefit. They found that in most seemingly reasonable equilibrium growth scenarios, when the number of vehicles increased and the number of charging stations increased, there was a positive net benefit to society.
The research team concluded: “As health benefits are added to governments, businesses, and individuals, these results demonstrate that government incentives for charging station deployment are reasonable, and this paper quantifies the impact of different incentive levels.”
The team explained that the Electric Vehicle Initiative (EVI), an organization supported by 16 governments, aims to reach 20 million electric vehicles by 2020. This is based on a nominal growth rate of 75% per year as defined in 2016. At that time, global electric vehicle sales in 2015 exceeded 500,000 units (550,000 units), an increase of 70% over 2014. Sales of electric vehicles continued to grow, with year-on-year growth of 61% and 64% in 2017 and 2018, respectively.
Their research shows that 75% of the growth rate of electric vehicles is not unrealistic. In addition, in the face of the adverse effects of anthropogenic climate change and health on pollution, some observers believe that the transition to electric vehicles is a very pressing issue. This must take into account the power generation combination from which the vehicle derives its power. If electricity is mainly supplied by generators that generate fossil fuels, including coal, natural gas, and oil, many benefits are lost. At the global level of climate impact, especially in terms of sulfur oxides, nitrogen oxides and particulate pollution. With the rapid growth of electricity demand, China, India and Russia have witnessed this.
The latest study points out that governments are not keen to support charging infrastructure because participating industry participants have assumed partial cost responsibility. This will include electric utility companies such as field vehicles, vehicle manufacturers and a new generation of “gas station” operators that can directly attract more customers from charging vehicles.
The research team wrote: “The savings that can be achieved by 2021 are higher than the cost of installing a charging station infrastructure in various situations.” These net benefits apply to the balanced growth of charging stations (the number of charging stations and electric vehicles) The number is proportional to) and is also suitable for rapid construction (the charging station is built for more than 2-4 years to achieve the 2020 and 2025 government electric vehicle targets). In the final analysis, it is the financial burden of healthy people that has been alleviated to offset costs.